A medical countermeasure for inhalational anthrax

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ANTHIM® (obiltoxaximab)

  • ANTHIM is indicated in adult and pediatric patients for the treatment of inhalational anthrax due to Bacillus anthracis in combination with appropriate antibacterial drugs.1
  • ANTHIM is indicated for the prophylaxis of inhalational anthrax due to B. anthracis when alternative therapies are not available or not appropriate1


ANTHIM®(obiltoxaximab) complements existing biowarfare defenses

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  • Antibiotics target B. anthracis but have no effect on toxins already released, whereas ANTHIM blocks the binding of toxin components to cell receptors1, preventing cell entry
  • Diagnosing and treating inhalational anthrax promptly is recommended to reduce the deleterious effects of released toxins2,3
  • Administer a single dose of ANTHIM intravenously over 90 minutes for treatment or prophylaxis1*

*Hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis have been reported during the intravenous infusion of ANTHIM. Pre-medicate with diphenhydramine prior to administering ANTHIM.  Diphenhydramine premedication does not prevent anaphylaxis, and may mask or delay onset of symptoms of hypersensitivity. Stop the infusion if the patient develops any signs of anaphylaxis or serious hypersensitivity reactions.


 

Anthrax designated a top biowarfare and bioterrorism threat4-6

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  • Inhalational anthrax, contracted by inhaling Bacillus anthracis spores, is a life-threatening infectious disease with a mortality rate higher than 90% if untreated 7
  • Antibiotics have limited efficacy once symptoms present; when antibiotic therapy was initiated within 4.7 days of symptom onset in the 2001 US anthrax attacks, the mortality rate was 40%3


 

Elusys is supplying ANTHIM to the U.S. government to augment public health emergency preparedness efforts8

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  • Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA)* is acquiring ANTHIM as a component of the Strategic National Stockpile8
  • The Strategic National Stockpile is a national repository of medicines and supplies designed and maintained to support a public health emergency9

*  BARDA is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response(HHS ASPR).

 
  1. ANTHIM® (obiltoxaximab) [prescribing Information]. Pine Brook, NJ. Elusys Therapeutics, Inc. March 2016.
  2. Mock M, Mignot T. Anthrax toxins and the host: a story of intimacy. Cell Microbiol. 2003;5(1):15-23.
  3. Holty JE, Bravata DM, Liu H, et al. Systematic review: a century of inhalational anthrax cases from 1900 to 2005. Ann Intern Med 2006;144:270–80.
  4. CDC Bioterrorism agents. http://fas.org/biosecurity/resource/documents/CDC_Bioterrorism_Agents.pdf . Accessed January 22, 2016.
  5. University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Center for Health Security. Anthrax Fact Sheet. Updated 02/26/2015. www.UPMCHealthSecurity.org. Accessed December 15, 2015. 
  6. Bower WA, Hendricks K, Pillai S, Guarnizo J, Meaney-Delman D. Clinical Framework and Medical Countermeasure Use During an Anthrax Mass-Casualty Incident. 2015 Dec 4;64(4):1-22. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.rr6404a1.
  7. Barr JR, Boyer AE, Quinn CP. Anthrax: modern exposure science combats a deadly, ancient disease. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2010;20(7):573-4. doi: 10.1038/jes.2010.49.
  8. US Department of Health & Human Services. Press Release. November 15, 2015. http://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2015/11/12/hhs-procure-two-inhalational-anthrax-treatments-for-national-supply.html. Accessed January 25, 2016.
  9. DSNS Fact Sheet 2014. http://www.cdc.gov/phpr/documents/DSNS_fact_sheet.pdf. Accessed December 14, 2015.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE AND IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION


INDICATIONS AND USAGE

ANTHIM® (obiltoxaximab) is indicated in adult and pediatric patients for the treatment of inhalational anthrax due to Bacillus anthracis in combination with appropriate antibacterial drugs. ANTHIM is indicated for prophylaxis of inhalational anthrax due to B. anthracis when alternative therapies are not available or are not appropriate.

LIMITATIONS OF USE

  • ANTHIM should only be used for prophylaxis when its benefit for prevention of inhalational anthrax outweighs the risk of serious hypersensitivity reactions and anaphylaxis.
  • The effectiveness of ANTHIM is based solely on efficacy studies in animal models of inhalational anthrax. It is not ethical or feasible to conduct controlled clinical trials with intentional exposure of humans to anthrax.
  • Safety and PK of ANTHIM have been studied in adult healthy volunteers. There have been no studies of safety or PK of ANTHIM in the pediatric population. A population PK approach was used to derive intravenous infusion dosing regimens that are predicted to provide pediatric patients with exposure comparable to the observed exposure in adults.
  • ANTHIM binds to the protective antigen (PA) component of B. anthracis toxin; it does not have direct antibacterial activity. ANTHIM is not expected to cross the blood-brain barrier and does not prevent or treat meningitis. ANTHIM should be used in combination with appropriate antibacterial drugs.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

WARNING: HYPERSENSITIVITY and ANAPHYLAXIS

Hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis have been reported during the intravenous infusion of ANTHIM. Due to the risk of hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis, ANTHIM should be administered in monitored settings by personnel trained and equipped to manage anaphylaxis. Monitor individuals who receive ANTHIM closely for signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions throughout the infusion and for a period of time after administration. Stop ANTHIM infusion immediately and treat appropriately if hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis occurs.

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Hypersensitivity reactions were the most common adverse reactions in the safety trials of ANTHIM, occurring in 34/320 healthy subjects (10.6%). Three (0.9%) cases of anaphylaxis occurred during or immediately after the infusion. In clinical trials, manifestations of anaphylaxis were rash/urticaria, cough, dyspnea, cyanosis, postural dizziness and chest discomfort. ANTHIM infusion was discontinued in 8 (2.5%) subjects due to hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis. The adverse reactions reported in these 8 subjects included urticaria, rash, cough, pruritus, dizziness, throat irritation, dysphonia, dyspnea and chest discomfort. The remaining subjects with hypersensitivity had predominantly skin-related symptoms such as pruritus and rash, and 6 subjects reported cough.

Premedication with diphenhydramine is recommended prior to administration of ANTHIM. Diphenhydramine premedication does not prevent anaphylaxis, and may mask or delay onset of symptoms of hypersensitivity.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The safety of ANTHIM has been studied only in healthy volunteers. It has not been studied in patients with inhalational anthrax. The most frequently reported adverse reactions (occurred in >1.5% of healthy subjects) were headache, pruritus, infections of the upper respiratory tract, cough, vessel puncture site bruise, infusion site swelling, urticaria, nasal congestion, infusion site pain, and pain in extremity.

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Pregnancy
No adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women were conducted. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, ANTHIM should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Pediatric Use
There have been no studies of the safety or PK of ANTHIM in the pediatric population.

To see the complete prescribing information for ANTHIM, click here.